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EXHIBITION - S. H. Raza (Sep 21-Oct 31, 2007) :

S. H. RAZA
 
1922 Born on 22nd February in the hamlet of Kakaiya, Madhya Pradesh, to Sayed Mohammed Razi, the district's Deputy Forest Ranger, and his wife Tahira Begum
1932 Graduates from primary school, where teacher Nandlal Jharia introduces the young boy to the concept of bindu as a point of concentration Raza and his family move to Damoh, where his artistic inclinations are encouraged and nurtured by his teachers and family
1939 Graduates from high school in Damoh, and joins the Nagpur School of Art in Maharashtra
1943 Graduates from the Nagpur School of Art and moves to Bombay
Government Scholarship to the Sir J.J. School of Art is delayed
Studies painting as a part time student under M. Kulkarni at the Mohan Arts Club and meets several artists including Shiavax Chavda and K.K. Hebbar

Joins Express Block Studio in the central business district of Flora Fountain as a designer
Two of his watercolours selected for a group show at the Bombay Art Society, and mentioned by Rudolf von Leyden in his review of the show for the Times of India
1946 First solo exhibition at the Bombay Art Society Salon
Wins Bombay Art Society Silver Medal
1946 First solo exhibition at the Bombay Art Society Salon
Wins Bombay Art Society Silver Medal
1947 Mother passes away in Bombay
Co-founds the Progressive Artists' Group (PAG) with F.N. Souza, M.F. Husain, K.H. Ara, S.K. Bakre and H.A. Gade; the manifesto speaks towards breaking free from the bounds of academic realism and the romanticism of the Bengal School and forging new, free artistic idioms
1948 Gandhi is assassinated in January
Father passes away in Mandla
Graduates from the Sir J.J. School of Art
His four brothers and one sister move to Pakistan as a result of the religious violence and persecution that follow the partition of the subcontinent

"On one side there was a national tragedy. As personal history for my family, these critical years of 1947 to 48 were those of tragedy and separation…Linked up with this period of riots and killings there was my private history and my personal sense of loss" (Geeti Sen, Bindu: Space and Time in Raza's Vision, Media Transasia Ltd, New Delhi, 1997, p. 37).

Invited to tour Kashmir by Shiekh Abdullah along with filmmaker K.A. Abbas and actor Balraj Sahni
Meets Henri Cartier-Bresson in Srinagar, who advises him to incorporate structure into his paintings
Solo exhibition of his Kashmir landscapes in New Delhi
Wins Bombay Art Society Gold Medal
Visits exhibition of ancient Indian sculpture in New Delhi, and of prints by artists including Matisse and Picasso at the French Consulate in Bombay; both shows affect him deeply
Decides to study French and earn a scholarship to travel to France
1949 First exhibition of the Progressive Artists' Group in Bombay, inaugurated by Dr. Mulk Raj Anand
1950 Holds a solo exhibition at the Institute of Foreign Languages in Bombay
Leaves for Paris in September with fellow artist Akbar Padamsee, and friend Premela Coelho
Arrives in Marseilles in October and is met in Paris by Ram Kumar; temporarily moves into a hotel in Montparnasse
1951 Joins the École de Beaux Arts, studying under Edmond Heuze
1952 First exhibition in Paris at Galerie St. Placide with artists F.N. Souza and Akbar Padamsee
1955 Raza agrees with Galerie Lara Vincy to exhibit exclusively with them for the next six years
1956 Awarded the Prix de La Critique, the only foreign artist to achieve this honour in France
1959 Marries French artist and close friend, Janine Mongillat
First trip back to India with his wife
Solo exhibition at the Jehangir Art Gallery in Bombay and at All India Fine Arts and Craft Society (AIFACS) in New Delhi
1962 Invited by Karl Kasten to spend a summer to teach at the University of California at Berkeley
Comes into contact with the work of American artists like Pollock, Francis, Hofmann, de Kooning, Gorky and Rothko, which have a profound impact on his artistic sensibility
1978 One of many trips back to Madhya Pradesh for an exhibition of his work at Kala Parishad in Bhopal
1981 Awarded the Kalidas Sanman by the State Government of Madhya Pradesh and the Padma Shri by the Government of India
1991 Retrospective of his work (1952-91) held at Galerie Eterso in Cannes
2002 Janine Mongillat passes away
Appointed Officier de L'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the Government of France
2007 Awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India
Raza lives and works in Gorbio and Paris
Selected Solo Exhibitions
1947-1948 Bombay Art Society, Mumbai
1947-1948 Bombay Art Society, Mumbai
1950 Charles Petras Institute of Foreign Languages, Mumbai
1958, 1961, 1962, 1964,1967,1969   Galerie Lara Vincy, Paris
1959 Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1962-1968 Galerie Dresdnere, Montreal
1962 Worth Ryder Art Gallery, Berkeley, University of California, California, USA
1968 Tecta Galerie, Dusseldorf, Germany; Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
1972 Abbaye du Pommier, Anncy, Le Grenier, Roquebrune-Village
1975 Galleria Matuzia, San Remo, Italy
1978 Jehangir Nicholson Museum, National Centre for Performing Arts, Mumbai
1980 Galleriet, Oslo
1984 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
1988 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai; Galleri Koloritten, Stavanger, Norway
1991 Palais Carnoles, Musee de Menton, France
1997 Palais Carnoles, Musee de Menton, France
1999 Gallery 54, New York
2002 Jehangir Art Gallery, Apparao Gallery, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
2004 Aryan Art Gallery, New Delhi
2005 Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai
2005 Saffronart and Berkeley Square Gallery, London and New York
2006 Aryan Art Gallery, Mumbai, New Delhi and Hong Kong
2006 Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai
Selected Group Exhibitions
1949 Progressive Artists Group, Mumbai
1951 Salon de Mai, Paris
1952 Galerie Saint Placide, Paris
1953 Galerie Raymond Creuze, Paris
1956 Les Arts en France et dans le Monde, Musee d' Art Moderne, Paris
1957 Biennale 57, Pavilion de Marsan, Paris
1958 Biennale de Bruges
1958 Biennale de Sao Paulo
1958 'Trends in Contemporary Painting from India', Graham Gallery, New York
1958 John Moores' Exhibition, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool
1960 Galerie Charpentier, Paris
1960 Modern Indian Art, Chile, Trinidad and Mexico
1961 Galerie Charpentier, Paris
1962 Commonwealth Exhibition, Commonwealth Institute, London
1963 Biennale du Maroc, Rabat
1964 Biennale de Menton, France
1965 Promesses tenues, Musee Galliera, Paris
1966 Promesses tenues, Musee Galliera, Paris
1967 Silver Jubilee Exhibition of Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
1968 First Triennale, Delhi
1968 Terres des Hommes, Festival International, Montreal
1973 Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris
1973 Indian Contemporary Painters, Renwich Gallery, Washington
1973 Pacific Cultural Museum, Pasadena, California, USA
1974 Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
1976 Biennale de Menton, France
1982 "India, Myth & Reality", Aspects of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, UK
1986 "Contemporary Indian Art", Chester Herwitz Family Collection, Festival of India, Grey Gallery, New York
1987 Biennial of Havana, Cuba
1988 The National Museum of Contemporary Art, Olympiad, Seoul, Korea
1997 The Moderns, The Progressive Artists Group, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
1999 Timeless Vision – Contemporary Art of India, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts
2000 Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Japan
2000 Arthur M. Sackler and Freer Galleries of Art, Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C.
2001 Saffronart, Hong Kong
2001 Saffronart and Apparao Galleries, Los Angeles
2001, 2002 Saffronart & Pundole Art Gallery, Metropolitan Pavillion, New York
2002 Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, New Jersey
2003 Des duos et des couples, Aix en Provence (with Pablo Picasso and Francoise Gillot)
2004 Art Musings, Mumbai
2004 Guild Art Gallery, Mumbai
2004 Aryan Art Gallery, New Delhi
2005 Arts India Gallery, New York
Institutional and Museum Collections
Musee National d'Art Moderne, Paris
Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
Musee de Grenoble, France
Baroda Museum, India
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
Central Museum, Nagpur, India
Musee Ein-Arod, Israel
Asia Society, New York
Musee de Menton
Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris
National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
Jehangir Nicholson Museum, Mumbai
Musee Hors du Temps, Pierre-Feu Sur, Nice
Roopankar, Museum of Fine Arts, Bhopal
Lalit Kala Akademi, Delhi
Centre for International Contemporary Arts, New York
Chester and Davida Herwitz family collection, Worcester, USA
Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts
L'Arthotheque d'Entreprise, Group Michel Ferrier, Echirolles, France
Fonds Regional d'Art Contemporain, La Reunion
Glenberra Art Museum, Japan
Fukuoka Museum, Japan
Honours and Awards
2007 Awarded the 'Padma Bhushan' by the Government of India
2004 Lalit Kala Ratna Puraskar, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
1981 Awarded the 'Padma Shri' by the Government of India
1981 Awarded Kalidas Sanman Award by the Government of Madhya Pradesh
1956 Awarded the 'Prix de la Critique', Paris
1948 Gold Medal, Bombay Art Society, Mumbai
1946 Silver Medal, Bombay Art Society, Mumbai




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