Bohemia, Czech Republic, 20th Century
12 in (30.4 cm) high
7.25 in (18.5 cm) diameter
The history of glass in Bohemia dates back to the 13th century, but it wasn't until the Art Nouveau movement when the trade and distribution of glassware spread across Europe and South America, that it was internationally recognised as an art form. "When used in reference to glass, "bohemian" is often used to describe 19th-century faceted and engraved, bright-colored beakers, bowls, goblets and vases, that were available throughout Europe, America, and many other parts of the world." (Dedo von Kerssenbrock-Krosigk, "The Tradition of the Avant-Garde: Bohemian Glass, 1820-1935," Corning Museum of Glass, 5 October 2011, online)
Tracing its origins to the present-day Czech Republic and Poland (Bohemia and Silesia), Bohemian glass art evolved from centuries of experimentation in glass-making. The 16th and 17th centuries saw different traditions of hand-cut and engraved glass styles develop, with craftsmen adapting techniques such as gem engraving on to the glass. Glass cutting methods in intaglio, where designs were inscribed into the surface, and high relief forms, acquired sophistication. In the mid-19th century, glassmakers started using opaque and colourful marbled glass such as Marmoriertes and Lithyalin, making way for the Art Nouveau period Bohemian glass that is renowned today. Glass pieces during this period were often classic vases that shaped to take the form of seashells, flowers, and tree trunks.
There are two kinds of Bohemian glass works in this exhibition. Lot 1 is the traditional, hand-cut decorative glass, and lots 2, 3, 4 and 5 are double overlay glass pieces.